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Addressing Depression and Suicidality in the College Population

[ Vol. 10 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Amy W. Alexander*, Marcia Morris and Mehak Chopra   Pages 62 - 72 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: The need for mental health care among college students has grown exponentially over the last decades; not only is the number of students needing care greater, but there is a higher acuity as well. 19.9 million students are estimated to attend college in fall 2019. Relatively few consensus guidelines exist on college mental health treatment and services.

Objective: The aim of this study is to review the current understanding of depression and suicidality in the college population, current treatment methods, and campus-wide systems considerations for addressing these issues.

Methods: Review of current literature.

Results: The increasing rates of depression and suicidality in the college student population have resulted in increased morbidity and mortality, affecting college students and campuses across the country. A comprehensive approach to address these issues includes treatment at an individual levelincluding psychopharmacological treatment and various therapies, knowledge of campus and local community resources, engaging students’ support systems including parents when appropriate, and campus-wide systems approaches and interventions for reducing depression and increasing ease of access to mental health services.

Conclusion: A comprehensive and systems approach is necessary for addressing the increased rates of depression and suicidality among college students.

Keywords:

College, depression, mental health, suicidality, suicide.

Affiliation:

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305

Graphical Abstract:



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